Industrial

Tribology is found in industrial applications of all sizes, from 360 tonne trucks carrying 500 tonnes of mining waste, to small dexterous robots picking and placing microchips. Understanding this tribology is vital for keeping industry moving.

The applications of tribology and tribological study in the industrial sector are as varied as industries themselves. Tribological research has been used to make processes and machines in fields as diverse as wind turbines, milling machines, assembly robotics, and mining operations more reliable, efficient, and profitable.

In heavy industry applications, the forces on components such as bearings, gears and shafts can be huge. Therefore, making sure a good lubricating film can be maintained is integral to keeping heavy machinery running. PCS’ range of instruments, particularly the ETM and MPR are used extensively to study these applications and inform the design of everything from components through to the lubricant itself. The ETM is used for its ability to reach the high pressures seen in the applications, and the MPR for its speed of testing, taking minimal time to reach high numbers of contact cycles. Together these instruments can help inform decisions and keep industry moving smoothly.

In lighter industrial applications, the forces seen are often much less intense, but the importance of a good lubricating film is not diminished. Often moving at high speed or with tighter tolerances, the design of components and lubricants in these sectors is crucial in keeping machines moving as expected. Instruments such as the MTM and EHD are often used for studies into these areas of development. Together, they and the other instruments from PCS can be used to create a clear picture of how parts and lubricants will work together, and how to design systems that are both efficient and reliable.

Industrial industry research areas include:

  • Metal working fluids
  • Extreme pressure additives for high load mining applications
  • Anticorrosion additives for offshore wind turbines
  • Viscosity index improvers for machine operation in extreme conditions
  • Lubricants for high speed robotics applications

Industrial Industry includes the following:

Agriculture

Agriculture

Agricultural vehicles must deal with high-stress forces and, be very reliable to prevent down time. One way this reliability is improved is through optimisation of tribological contacts.

Hydraulics

Hydraulics

From the development of high efficiency environmentally friendly hydraulic fluids to more efficient hydraulic pumps, tribology is an intrinsic part of the hydraulics industry.

Machinery

Machinery

The requirements on machinery components are as varied as the jobs performed by the machines. Every one of them will need lubricating, and choosing the right lubricant comes down to knowing the tribology of the contacts involved.

Mining

Mining

With high loads, harsh and dirty environments and huge costs associated with downtime, mining vehicles have to be reliable even in adverse conditions. Tribology helps ensure this is the case.

Seals

Seals

Seals are found in countless products over a multitude of industries. How they interact with moving parts is an area of tribology work that is constantly developing.

Wind Turbines

Wind Turbines

Wind power remains one of the most rapidly growing renewable power sources, so tribological problems found in the gearbox, bearings and generator are the focus of significant research.

Instruments for the Industrial Industry

Speak to us about our products

Get in touch

Industrial Industry Articles & Papers

Paper

Investigation of Pure Sliding and Sliding/Rolling Contacts in a DLC/Cast Iron System when Lubricated in Oils Containing MoDTC-Type Friction Modifier

Diamond-like carbon (DLC)/cast iron (CI) systems have been widely investigated due to their important application in engine components such as …

Diamond-like carbon (DLC)/cast iron (CI) systems have been widely investigated due to their important application in engine components such as cylinders, pistons and more specifically for the cam/follower interface. The pure sliding contact of the DLC/CI system has traditionally been the focus of research; consequently less is understood about sliding/rolling contact systems. In addition, the tribological and tribochemical characteristics of the Molybdenum Dialkyl Dithiocarbamate (MoDTC) as a lubricant additive in such sliding/rolling contacts are not fully understood.

In this study, a Mini Traction Machine (MTM) was used to run the experiments using alloy steel balls coated with 15 atomic percent (at. %) hydrogenated DLC (a-C: 15H) rubbing against uncoated cast iron discs. Results showed that the sliding/rolling ratio affects friction, wear and tribochemistry in CI/DLC systems; pure sliding enhances MoDTC activation. MoDTC decomposes to form MoS2, FeMoO4 and not MoO3. In addition, it was observed that MoS2/FeMoO4 ratio depends on test conditions and affects to the friction performance.

View abstract

Paper

Method for Improving Engine Fuel Efficiency

A method for improving fuel efficiency and reducing frictional properties while maintaining or improving deposit control, in an engine lubricated …

A method for improving fuel efficiency and reducing frictional properties while maintaining or improving deposit control, in an engine lubricated with a lubricating oil. The lubricating engine oil has a composition including from 75 to 95 wt % of lubricating oil base stock selected from the group consisting of a Group I base stock, a Group II base stock, a Group III base stock, a Group IV base stock, a Group V base stock and combinations thereof; a friction modifier mixture comprising a polymeric ethoxylated fatty acid ester having a molecular weight of greater than or equal to 2000 at from 0.1 to 1.0 wt. % and an organic molybdenum containing friction modifier contributing from 80 to 500 ppm of elemental molybdenum, and an overbased calcium salicylate detergent contributing from 200 to 2000 ppm of elemental calcium; and one or more other lubricating oil additives. The lubricating engine oils are useful in internal combustion engines including direct injection, gasoline and diesel engines.

View abstract