Oleamide and Synovene lubricant additives when mixed together show a clear co-operative efect leading to friction and wear reduction. Sum Frequency Generation vibrational spectroscopy has been used to record in situ spectra of these additives with the aim of understanding the behaviour of these molecules when adsorbed on steel immersed in a model base oil at pre-selected temperatures. The spectra of the individual components and of mixtures have been recorded up to 130 °C. Individual spectra from both molecules have been distinguished using per-deuterated oleamide. The temperature at which maximum ordered adsorption of pure Synovene molecules occurs drops from ~130 to~70 °C in the mixture with oleamide. Our results show that co-adsorption occurs, which causes a change in net polar orientation of the oleamide component suggesting the hydrocarbon chains of the oleamide molecules reverse their polar orientation when Synovene is present. The net effect of co-adsorption and change in orientation as well as conformation of the two molecules could explain the reduction of friction and wear observed at the metal–metal interface.
- Contact us